Send comments to the NJDEP

  • Commissioner Catherine McCabe: Commissioner@dep.nj.gov
  •  Director Ruth Foster: Ruth.Foster@dep.nj.gov

Williams/Transco submitted new applications for water permits (Freshwater Wetlands, Flood Hazard Area Control, Coastal Wetlands, & Waterfront Development) on June 19, 2018.

  • Tell NJDEP that you want them to hold two (2) public fact-finding meetings – one by the Raritan Bay (Old Bridge / Sayreville) and one by the proposed Compressor Station 206 area (Franklin Township / South Brunswick).
  • Tell NJDEP that you expect them to deny the permits unless they obtain and carefully review all needed information and actually find that the proposed project would not cause harm to the environment, people or wildlife.
  •  Tell NJDEP that an increase in reliance on fossil fuels for energy does not support New Jersey’s goal to transition to renewables and clean energy.

Sign the letter to NJDEP and either mail it or give it to a member of the Task Force to mail
Click here for link to the letter to print, sign & mail

NOTE: A request for fact-finding meetings needs to be in writing to NJDEP and received in Trenton by August 3.

Keep sending comments to FERC

Send comments to FERC that request a “reset” for the DEIS by asking them to publish a revised/supplemental DEIS that addresses all new information and all concerns of the public. Tell FERC that the March 23, 2018 DEIS was missing critical information, dismissed comments of the public & elected officials, and lacked supportive studies or data for FERC’s conclusions. Additionally, Williams/Transco submitted thousands of pages of new information and reports that needs to be reviewed and analyzed in a document that FERC publishes during the time period when the public can truly provide meaningful comments. These submissions were in May and June 2018 – after the DEIS was published & after the end of the “official” time period for sending comments to FERC.

FERC claims that they consider ALL comments they receive. Many people need to let them know that the DEIS was not acceptable.

SEND COMMENTS TO FERC NOW, AND COPY NJDEP.

The DEIS was incomplete & misleading.  Tell FERC that you want a revised or supplemental DEIS and an additional comment period of at least 45 days.

When you send a comment to FERC, also forward that comment to the NJDEP –

  • Commissioner Catherine McCabe: Commissioner@dep.nj.go
  • Director Ruth Foster: Ruth.Foster@dep.nj.gov

You can also forward your comments to your elected officials and ask them to support the opposition to NESE.

Information About FERC’s Incomplete and Misleading DEIS

Click to open PDF documents containing the following information:

Action Alert – Tell NJDEP and FERC about new concerns.

Dear Fellow Concerned Opponents of the NESE Project,

Thank you for sending comments to FERC and raising your voices about the proposed dangerous Northeast Supply Enhancement (NESE) Project!  Though FERC listed May 14 and the official final day to file to be an intervenor & send comments, FERC does continue to review comments submitted after then.  Since the DEIS was incomplete and misleading, we still believe it is important to let FERC know that as well as let them know that we need a revised or supplemental DEIS that incorporates the thousands of pages that Williams/Transco sent on May 11 & May 30.  We have a right to participate in this environmental review process in a meaningful way, and that should include time to review all critical information. 

Letting FERC gather extra information and then publish it, along with their “independent evaluation & analyses” in the final EIS is not acceptable since the time for true public engagement is after the DEIS. That’s why we’re pointing out the issues and asking for a revised or supplemental DEIS to be published by FERC with an additional comment period of at least 45 days.

REQUESTED ACTION:  SEND MORE COMMENTS TO FERC

Please take one or more of the attached comments and send them to FERC.  They are all short enough to go “as is” as eComments.  Feel free to copy/paste ideas from different comments to generate new ones.  Each of the eComments starts with a bold ISSUE:  and ends with the same paragraph.  Just copy one comment at a time to send in.

If you are an intervenor, you can use the other set of comments that have bullets and numbers by saving one as a PDF and then using eFiling to upload the PDF comment.  That preserves the formatting, and there’s no length limit for eFiling.  You just have to be registered with FERC (where they gave you a FERC ID #).  Being an intervenor means that you are already registered.

eFiling comment samples

(save as PDF to upload to FERC)

eComment samples

(6,000 characters or less)

1

Public denied opportunity for meaningful commenting – missing information, NYSDEC denied permit, FERC dismissed comments, shortcomings of DEIS

1a

 

Incomplete DEIS & data dump – missing information + Incomplete DEIS

1b

Incomplete DEIS & data dump – shortcomings of DEIS

2

Public denied opportunity for meaningful commenting (different format)

2

Public denied opportunity for meaningful commenting

 

 

3a

FERC disregarded / dismissed comments: list

3

FERC disregarded comments: safety analysis of increased velocity of gas in pipeline

3b

FERC disregarded comments: safety analysis of increased velocity of gas in pipeline

4

FERC disregarded comments: air monitoring directly at CS206

4

FERC disregarded comments: air monitoring directly at CS206

5

FERC disregarded comments: validate estimates of chemical emissions

5

FERC disregarded comments: validate estimates of chemical emissions

6

FERC disregarded comments: Health Impact Assessment (chemical emissions + heat/volume of emissions from smokestacks)

6a

FERC disregarded comments: Health Impact Assessment (heat/volume of emissions from smokestacks)

6b

FERC disregarded comments: Health Impact Assessment (chemical emissions)

7

FERC disregarded comments: year-after-year Trap Rock Quarry blasting impacts

7

FERC disregarded comments: year-after-year Trap Rock Quarry blasting impacts

8

FERC disregarded comments: waste heat recovery

8

FERC disregarded comments: waste heat recovery

9

Incomplete DEIS:  environmental, social & economic impacts – Raritan Bay Loop

9a

Incomplete DEIS:  environmental, social & economic impacts – Raritan Bay Loop

9b

Incomplete DEIS:  environmental, social & economic impacts – Raritan Bay Loop

10

Incomplete DEIS:  ecological impacts – forest removal & wetlands

10

Incomplete DEIS:  environmental, social & economic impacts – Raritan Bay Loop

11

Incomplete DEIS:  contaminated groundwater – Higgins Farm Superfund Site

11

Incomplete DEIS:  contaminated groundwater – Higgins Farm Superfund Site

12

Incomplete DEIS:  short & long-term impacts – Raritan Bay Loop (noise, marine vessels, sediment disturbance, horseshoe crabs)

12a

Incomplete DEIS:  short & long-term impacts – Raritan Bay Loop (noise, marine vessels)

12b

Incomplete DEIS:  short & long-term impacts – Raritan Bay Loop (sediment disturbance)

12c

Incomplete DEIS:  short & long-term impacts – Raritan Bay Loop (horseshoe crabs)

13

Incomplete DEIS:  impact of increased GHGs & methane leaks

13a

Incomplete DEIS:  impact of increased GHGs & methane leaks

13b

Incomplete DEIS:  impact of increased GHGs & methane leaks – NYS & NYC goals

13c

Incomplete DEIS:  impact of increased GHGs & methane leaks – Social Cost of Carbon

 

 

OTHER ACTION:  TELL NJDEP TO REJECT PERMIT BY JUNE 22, 2018

  1. Send a message to Governor Murphy.  Please call Food & Water Watch’s # – 888-724-8943 – to be connected to the Governor’s office & tell him that you want him to know you oppose the NESE project & want NJDEP to deny the Freshwater Wetlands permit application.
  1. Send a message to NJDEP.  We’re pushing for NJDEP to deny the Freshwater Wetlands permit application by June 22.  Versions of those letters are attached for you to email or mail, and they are on our website, www.scrap-NESE.org.    Just clearly add your name, address, etc.  The email addresses for the people at the NJDEP are:

Ruth.Foster@dep.nj.gov

Commissioner@dep.nj.gov

You can also call NJDEP and tell them that you want them to deny the Freshwater Wetlands permit by June 22, 2018 – Call Commissioner McCabe directly at 609-292-2885.

There are also letters to NJDEP that you can use from the Watershed Institute and New Jersey League of Conservation Voters.  They’ve been distributed on social media & are provided below for you to use.

The Watershed Institute’s message:

We need your help to contact the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection about a proposed pipeline in Franklin Township that would harm wetlands, forests and streams.

Last year, Williams Transco proposed a pipeline project to transport large volumes of natural gas from Pennsylvania, through New Jersey and ending in New York. 

The proposed project would require building a compressor station near the Trap Rock Quarry in Franklin Township and would involve cutting down forests, crossing three streams and impacting wetlands. Additionally, this project would construct a new pipeline under the Raritan Bay.

Transco’s submitted applications for permits to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, but failed to include all of the information that is necessary for the agency to rule on the application.

The deadline for New Jersey to act on the application is rapidly expiring. If NJDEP does not deny the application and direct Transco to resubmit it with complete and necessary information, DEP will have forfeited its right to review the project. 

Please contact NJDEP and urge the agency to act now to reject Transco’s application for this environmentally damaging fossil fuel project.

We have a sample letter below for your use and send to:

Eric Wachter, Chief of Staff- eric.wachter@dep.nj.gov
Ruth Foster, Office of Permit Coordination- Ruth.Foster@dep.nj.gov

Eric Wachter, Chief of Staff
Ruth Foster, Office of Permit Coordination
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
401 West State Street
Trenton, NJ

RE:  Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC Northeast Supply Project

Flood Hazard Area Control Act, Freshwater Wetlands Protection Act Permits & Water Quality Certification

NJDEP File #: 0000-01-1001.3 FHA/ 17002

Dear Mr. Wachter and Ms. Foster:

I am writing to you regarding the permit application submitted by Transco for the Northeast Supply Enhancement Project. In its application, Transco failed to include all of the information needed for the Department to review the project. 

The proposed project would require building a compressor station near the Trap Rock Quarry in Franklin Township and would involve cutting down forests, crossing three streams and impacting wetlands. Additionally, this project would construct a new pipeline under Raritan Bay.

Under the Clean Water Act, the Department must respond to Transco’s application within a fixed period of time. Failing to do so, would result in the application’s automatic approval. Please don’t let this happen.

In order to preserve New Jersey’s right to protect our streams, wetlands, forests and our communities, it is critical that the Department deny the application at this time.

We urge the Department to protect the state’s rights and deny Transco’s application before it is too late. Only when all the information is complete should the Department reconsider any resubmitted application by Transco.

Sincerely,

Your Name________________________________________


NJLCV’s message and letter (online, a click sends it to the NJDEP Commissioner) –

LINK = https://secure.everyaction.com/zCIcBvMxxkqnqv4Fplm9vw2

There’s a new fracked gas pipeline project being proposed right in the heart of Central New Jersey that’s going to put our health and safety at risk. 

The Williams Transcontinental Company’s Northeast Supply Enhancement (NESE) Project would add 35 miles of pipeline and a new gas compressor station to its existing Transco pipeline system to move gas through New Jersey to New York via the Raritan Bay.

NJDEP has until June 23 to decide if it will give Williams Transco the permits it needs to move forward with Raritan Bay pipeline and compressor station, which means we still have time to stop it.  If we get loud enough, we can convince NJDEP to shut down this project.

Send a message to NJDEP urging it to reject ALL permits for the Raritan Bay Gas Pipeline and Compressor Station 206 >>

Major pipeline projects like this one are terrible for our communities. They threaten our drinking water sources, harm marine life, expose our families to air pollution, and could affect home values. The compressor station alone would spew dangerous toxins into the air that will settle into the ground where our children play, increasing the risk of asthma, skin irritation, and cardiovascular disease. 

The federal agency in charge of telling the public all the health and environmental risks associated with this project did the bare minimum analysis. Given that Williams Transco already has a long history of violations and incidents with its pipelines, what’s to say that a leak or explosion can’t happen again if there’s been no proper risk assessment?

If NJDEP approves the NESE project, it would be a huge step backwards for New Jersey’s progress to reach 100% clean energy by 2050. We’ve got to get a handle on all the dirty infrastructure we already have and keep our communities safe instead of building new projects that aren’t even meant to serve New Jerseyans in the first place. 

We must act NOW before the June 23 deadline. Urge NJDEP to promptly deny all permit applications for the Northeast Supply Enhancement Project >>

Thanks for all you do to protect our water, air, and open spaces.

Ed Potosnak
Executive Director, New Jersey LCV

Message –

Please reject all permits for the Northeast Supply Enhancement Project

Dear Commissioner McCabe,

I am urging the NJDEP to promptly deny the permit applications of Williams/Transco for the Northeast Supply Enhancement (NESE) Project.  These applications are for Freshwater Wetlands, Flood Hazard Area, Coastal Wetlands, and Waterfront Development.

The draft Environmental Impact Statement issued by FERC cannot be considered valid as it does not provide a thorough independent environmental impact analysis, nor does it present mitigation for the very real threats that this project poses immediately and for the duration while in service to the people in New Jersey and NYC.  This project is not a public convenience – it is a public threat.

Furthermore, FERC could overrule NJDEP’s right and responsibility to protect the waters of New Jersey if NJDEP does not issue its denial of permit applications quickly.  This has occurred to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) when they did not render a decision within one year of receiving permit applications for the Valley Lateral component of the Millennium Pipeline Project.  Please do not let this occur with NJDEP.

I stand with the Governor in support of increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy sources to protect our water and air.  Unless you can determine that the permit applications for Freshwater Wetlands, Flood Hazard Area, Coastal Wetlands, and Waterfront Development are complete and truly protective of the environment, according to all that NJDEP is required to comply with, please reject these applications promptly.

Thank you for your consideration.

2018-05-08 Montgomery Township posts to FERC opposition

Special thanks to Montgomery Township for posting resolution #18-5-112 opposing CP17-101 to FERC on 5/8/2018.  

Includes Memorandum from Montgomery Township Mayor

MT-Mayor_Conforti_Memo

Montgomery Resolution #18-5-112 

MT-Montgomery_res-18-5-112

Map of area where proposed compressor CS206 is relative to Montgomery Township.

MT-map with cs206

FERC acknowledges adverse impact to Princeton Area, but refuses to perform environmental impact analyses.  Instead the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) issued by FERC on 3/24/2018 states reasons why FERC doesn’t believe assessing the toxic chemical emissions and high heat/ high discharge of the 50-foot smokestacks.  The DEIS acknowledges real threats, but doesn’t bother to analyze impact or mitigation possibilities – core components of a legitimate DEIS.  The DEIS only underscores that CP17-101 is a Public Threat to New Jersey and not a public convenience.

Montgomery Township and Franklin Township have both sent strong rebukes of the none-material DEIS.  We need more municipalities standing up to this sham to protect the residents of New Jersey.

 

10 days left to comment on NESE DEIS – Ends May 14, 2018

Excellent note from EELC today.  Excellent results from Princeton University team efforts, I love seeing the motions to intervene and comments cascading in my inbox.  Great news that Montgomery Township passed RESOLUTION #18-5-112 opposing CP17-101.  Now we need them to post it to FERC.

There are only 10 days including today.  Several communities have stated they will try to get comments in from their communities.  If anyone has questions or wants clarifications, send it out to the team (stopftcompressor [at] yahoo [dot] com) and you will receive a response.  Surfrider has great comment suggestions and our team has provided a few.  If you have not submitted comments and you are on this distribution list, please make those comments now.

Good attributes for comments:

  1. I oppose this project, I am a registered intervenor.
  2. How it directly impacts you – this will impact people in many different ways even people not in PA/NJ/NYC and that is completely legitimate.
  3. Highlight areas where FERC decided not to assess impact or completely missed.
  4. Identify areas where FERC acknowledges impact as rational that this is currently a Public Threat (not a public convenience) until FERC assesses and mitigates impacts.
  5. Reject the notion that this DEIS statement reflects an actual draft environmental impact statement.  It doesn’t.

Please also email NJDEP and ask why your elected officials have not sent comments after the DEIS.  This is also their critical time to take a stand to protect New Jersey.

10 days,
please make your voice count against
this imminent threat to our area.

2018-03-23 FERC Issues DEIS

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued the Draft Environmental Impact Statement today, March 23, 2018.

The link below is a read only share of the DEIS which has two parts (Part 1 and Part 2).  Additionally, we have several sections extracted from the main DEIS document such as the table of contents.  Extracted files being with Part1-extract-description.

https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1CG-pYkWojJKwx1Ajny6EewYv0QzHi9Zc?usp=sharing

FTTF March 2018 update to Franklin Township Residents

Proposed Compressor Station 206
Franklin Township Task Force March 2018 Update

— Without Franklin Township resident involvement,
this project could soon become a reality.  —

 

Update

  • Groups from New Jersey and New York City are having weekly meetings to coordinate for the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) release from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC).
  • FERC indicated it will release the DEIS in March 2018.
  • Franklin Township Task Force (FTTF) published compilation of chemicals released by CS206 on a yearly basis and the health impacts. (See link https://www.scrap-nese.org/2018/03/22/nese-proposed-compressor-station-206-chemical-emissions/.)

How you can make a difference for Franklin Township

  • Register as an intervenor on FERC & comment. (For instructions & sample comments, see link https://www.scrap-nese.org/2017-10-14-doc-less-intervenor-registration/.)
  • Coordinate with FTTF to contribute analysis of DEIS (assist in reading and interpreting sections).  Email stopftcompressor (at) yahoo (dot) come
  • Learn and spread the word of the dangers from the project.
  • Outreach to neighbors, friends and organizations
  • Attend workshops and public hearings.  Talking points will be provided.

 

Countdown to Compressor station being built

 

NESE proposed Compressor Station 206 Chemical Emissions

NESE PROPOSED COMPRESSOR STATION 206:

Chemical Emissions & FERC’s Claim That There’s No Need To Do A Health Impact Assessment In The Area

Update of Concerns & Issues

after FERC published the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) on March 23, 2018

FERC’s claims and conclusions in the DEIS:

  • Construction and operation of the Project would not have a significant impact on air quality and a health impact assessment for a facility of this size and limited impact is not warranted.  (DEIS – page E-7)
  • Full-capacity upper-bound (i.e., the station’s potential to emit) emissions from Compressor Station 206 would be less than the NAAQS, which were established to protect human health (including sensitive subpopulations such as children or those with chronic illnesses) and public welfare  (DEIS, page 4-292)
  • There are no national air quality standards for HAPs, but their emissions are limited through permit thresholds and technology standards.  New Jersey maintains regulations limiting emissions of HAPs. (DEIS, page ES-6)
  • The emissions from Compressor Station 206 would comply with the NAAQS, which were established to protect human health (including children, the elderly, and those with chronic illnesses) and public welfare.  Compressor Station 206 would be a minor source of air emissions under federal programs and would comply with applicable federal and state regulations intended to protect air quality. (DEIS, page 4-222)
  • Transco performed an ambient air quality modeling analysis to determine local impacts from Compressor Station 206 using the EPA’s AERMOD dispersion model (Version 16216) in screening mode, which indicated that the maximum modeling concentrations of criteria pollutants would not contribute to an exceedance of the NAAQS. (DEIS, page ES-7)   

However:

  • FERC has not published their final controls and mitigation “recommendations”.
  • Federal and New Jersey state agencies have recognized airborne chemical emissions as highly toxic to human health and causing a variety of immediate and chronic health conditions for the following that Williams/Transco already reported would be emitted from Compressor Station 206 if it is built: Formaldehyde, Ammonia, Acrolein, Acetaldehyde, Ethylbenzene, Benzene, Toluene, Propylene Oxide & Xylenes.
  • Estimated caustic chemical emissions from Compressor Station 206, in pounds per year (lbs/yr), were reported by Williams/Transco to be:
    Formaldehyde= 660lbs/yr; Ammonia = 29,580lbs/yr; Acrolein = 6lbs/yr;
    Acetaldehyde = 44lbs/yr; Ethylbenzene = 34lbs/yr; Benzene = 14lbs/yr; Toluene = 142lbs/yr; Propylene Oxide = 32lbs/yr; Xylenes = 70lbs/yr.
  • The chemicals, listed above, are not measured or regulated under the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) which only provide standards for seven (7) “criteria pollutants”:    ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxode (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), fine particulate matter (inhalable particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 10 microns [PM10] and less than or equal to 2.5 microns [PM2.5]), and airborne lead (Pb).  

NOTE:  Ozone is not directly emitted into the atmosphere from an emissions source; it develops as a result of a chemical reaction between NOx and VOC in the presence of sunlight.  Therefore, NOx and VOCs are often referred to as ozone precursors and are regulated to control the potential for ozone formation. VOCs are defined as any compound of carbon which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions; however, VOCs do not include CO and CO2, nor methane and ethane (among other organic compounds), which have been determined to have negligible photochemical reactivity (40 CFR Part 51.100(s)(1)).  VOCs associated with transmission-quality natural gas are limited to butane, propane, pentane, and hexane. (DEIS, page 4-277)

  • Airborne emissions from Compressor Station 206 have been identified from Williams/Transco, in their Application (Resource Report 9) as estimated to be the following in tons per year (tpy) –

CO = 56.86tpy NOx = 22.74tpy VOC = 8.35tpy; PM10 = 18.94tpy

PM2.5 = 18.94tpy SO2 = 3.07tpy GHG (natural gas) = 132,720tpy

  • Just because the reported emissions are ESTIMATED to be below the NAAQS does not mean that the emissions during blowdown or at other times would not be so high as to actually cause harm.  
  • Measurements of  these seven criteria pollutants are taken at Air Quality Monitoring Stations in Elizabeth (for carbon monoxide & sulfur dioxide) , East Brunswick (for nitrogen dioxide & ozone), North Brunswick (for particulate matter 2.5) and in Philadelphia (for particulate matter 10).  Source: Draft Air Quality Technical Report (December 2017) by Environmental Resources Management, page 6 (published on FERC docket on 12/22/17 in Accession No. 20171222-4003)
  • There was no on-site measurement of air quality that took into account the potential compounded effects of two industrial sites next to each other:  Trap Rock Quarry & the proposed Compressor Station206.
  • In the Application from Williams/Transco for NESE, they report an expectation, based on modeling,  that PM2.5 emissions for Compressor Station 206 and background air would approach the minimally “acceptable” thresholds:

Annual: 10.1 microgram/m3 (EPA-NAAQS threshold:  12 microgram/m3 )

24-hour 32.1 microgram/m3 (EPA-NAAQS threshold:  35 microgram/m3 )

  • The emitted toxins for the natural gas-fired compressor station have been known to have synergistic effects, and this was not considered by FERC in their DEIS.
  • There are current studies that report health impacts from emissions around natural gas compressor stations.  (see references below)

SOME STUDIES OF HEALTH HAZARDS OF EMISSIONS FROM NATURAL GAS-FIRED COMPRESSOR STATIONS

Bowe, B., Xie, Y., Li, T., Yan, Y., Xian, H. & Al-Aly, Z.  (2017, September 21). Particulate matter air pollution and the risk of incident CKD and progression to ESRD.  Journal of American Society of Nephrology, 29: 218-230. Retrieved from http://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/29/1/218.full.pdf+html

Compendium of scientific, medical, and media findings demonstrating risks and harms of  fracking (unconventional gas and oil extraction) (5th ed.)  (2018, March). Concerned Health Professionals of New York & Physicians for Social Responsibility.  Retrieved from http://concernedhealthny.org/compendium/

Kloczko, N.  (2015, November).  A brief review of compressor stations.   Southwest Pennsylvania Environmental Health Project.  Retrieved from http://www.environmentalhealthproject.org/files/A%20Brief%20Review%20of%20Compressor%20Stations%2011.2015.pdf

NY Compressor Station Report.  Retrieved from http://www.environmentalhealthproject-ny.org/

Russo, P.N. & Carpenter, D.O. (2017, October 12).  Health effects associated with stack chemical emissions from NYS natural gas compressor stations: 2008-2014.  Institute for Health and the Environment – A Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization Collaborating Centre in Environmental Health, University at Albany.  

Retrieved from https://www.albany.edu/about/assets/Complete_report.pdf

Summary of Minisink Monitoring Results.  

Retrieved from http://www.environmentalhealthproject.org/resources/10/click/5

Summary on compressor stations and health impacts.  (2015, February 24). Southwestern Environmental Health Project.  Retrieved from http://www.environmentalhealthproject.org/files/Summary%20Compressor-station-emissions-and-health-impacts-02.24.2015.pdf

The hazards of a compressor station:  A town wakes up to the realities of corporate deception.  (2015,

November).   Retrieved from http://350ma-berkshires.org/the-hazards-of-a-compressor-station-a-town-wakes-up-to-the-realities-of-corporate-deception/

 

RISKS OF CHEMICALS THAT WILL BE EMITTED FROM THE PROPOSED COMPRESSOR STATION 206

AMMONIA

CS206 emission 29,580 lbs per year

  • Suspected liver, gastrointestinal, reproductive, respiratory, skin, and neurotoxicant (EDF Goodguide)
  • Exposure from inhalation may cause bronchiolitis obliterans; symptoms include cough, wheezing, obstructive/restrictive defect, chronic shortness of breath and difficulty breathing from low activity, increased inflation of lungs (HAZMAP)
  • Exposure through inhalation may cause toxic pneumonitis (acute inflammation of lungs); symptoms include burning, chest tightness, conjunctivitis, cough, dark or bluish color of skin due to oxygen deficient blood, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing from low activity, crackling when listening to breathing with stethoscope, excessive tearing of eyes, sore throat, pulmonary edema (increased fluid in lung tissues), runny nose, wheezing (HAZMAP)
  • Exposure through inhalation may cause chronic bronchitis; symptoms include coughing up phlegm, wheezing (HAZMAP)
  • TOXIC; may be fatal if inhaled, ingested or absorbed through skin; vapors are extremely irritating and corrosive (NOAA)
  • High exposure can cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema) (NJ Fsheet)
  • Strong irritant to eyes, skin, respiratory tract (HSDB)
  • Exposure to high levels of ammonia in air may be irritating to skin, eyes, throat, and lungs and cause coughing and burns; lung damage and death may occur after exposure to very high concentrations of ammonia; some people with asthma may be more sensitive to breathing ammonia than others (ASTDR)
  • Populations at increased risk include asthmatics, those hyper reactive to other respiratory irritants, and those with glaucoma, corneal disease, and chronic respiratory disease (HSDB)
  • Agency exposure limits:
    • CDC Acute Inhalation Risk Level at 1.7 Parts Per Million (PPM)
    • OSHA: 50ppm over 8 hour work shift
    • NIOSH: 25ppm over 10 hour work shift (NJ Fsheet)
FORMALDEHYDE

CS206 emission 660 lbs per year

  • Known carcinogen (HAZMAP)
  • Suspected gastrointestinal/liver, immune system, neuro, reproductive, respiratory, and skin/sense organ toxicant (EDF Goodguide)
  • Adverse effects from exposure include asthma and toxic pneumonitis (inflammation of the lungs) (HAZMAP)
  • High exposure through inhalation can cause a buildup of fluids in the lungs (NJ Fsheet)
  • Repeated exposure may cause bronchitis and an asthma like allergy (NJ Fsheet) 
  • Limited evidence that exposure may damage developing fetus and affect female fertility (NJ Fsheet)
  • Eye, skin, and respiratory tract irritant (HSDB)
  • People with asthma may be particularly sensitive to exposure (HSDB)
  • Exposure through inhalation can cause burning sensation, cough, headache, nausea, and shortness of breath (NIOSH)
  • Agency exposure limits:
    • CDC Acute Inhalation Risk Level at .04 parts per million (PPM)
    • OSHA: 0.75ppm averaged over 8 hour work shift
    • NIOSH: 0.016ppm averaged over 10 hour work shift (NJ Fsheet)

 

RISKS OF CHEMICALS THAT WILL BE EMITTED FROM THE PROPOSED COMPRESSOR STATION 206

 

BENZENE

CS206 emission
14 lbs per year

  • Listed as a known carcinogen (HAZMAP)
  • Listed as a recognized carcinogen and developmental and reproductive toxicants (EDF Goodguide)
  • Listed as a cause of anemia (decrease in number of red blood cells) (HAZMAP)
  • Listed as a neurotoxin (cause of central nervous system solvent syndrome) (HAZMAP)
  • Listed as a reproductive toxin (HAZMAP) 
  • Listed as a suspected cardiovascular/blood, endocrine, gastrointestinal/liver, immune system, neuro-, respiratory, skin/sense organ toxicant (EDF Goodguide)
  • The major effect of benzene from long-term exposure is on the blood; causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells leading to anemia; can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection (ASTDR)
  • Occupational diseases associated with exposure include: leukemia and aplastic anemia (symptoms include fever, bleeding into the skin, mouth, nose, and gastrointestinal tract caused by the low platelet count of aplastic anemia and the damage to capillaries caused by viral hemorrhagic fevers, decreased white blood cell count, tiny circumscribed foci of extravagated blood in the skin); large areas of confluent petechiae are called purpura, ecchymoses, or bruises (HAZMAP)
  • Acute exposure to high concentrations of benzene in air results in neurological toxicity (headache, dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, tremors, and loss of consciousness) (HSDB)
  • Agency exposure limits:
    • CDC Acute Inhalation Risk Level at .009 Parts Per Million (PPM)
    • OSHA: 1ppm averaged over 8 hour work shift
    • NIOSH: 0.1ppm averaged over 10 hour work shift (NJ Fsheet)
ETHYLBENZENE


CS206 emission
34 lbs per year

  • Possible human carcinogen (ASTDR)
  • Listed as a suspected blood/cardiovascular, developmental, endocrine, gastrointestinal/liver, kidney, neuro, reproductive, respiratory, and skin/sense organ toxicant (EDF Goodguide)
  • Limited evidence that ethylbenzene may damage the developing fetus (NJ Fsheet)
  • Exposure to relatively low concentrations of ethylbenzene in air for several months to years causes kidney damage in animals (ASTDR)
  • High exposure can cause symptoms similar to chronic solvent encephalopathy, a syndrome with a variety of central nervous effects (HAZMAP)
  • Exposure may cause acute toxic effects such as difficulty concentrating, confusion, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, lethargy, impaired speech (HAZMAP)
  • Most severe irritant of benzene series (HSDB)
  • Exposure to high levels of ethylbenzene in air for short periods can cause eye and throat irritation; exposure to higher levels can result in dizziness (ASTDR)
  • Irreversible damage to the inner ear and hearing has been observed in animals exposed to relatively low concentrations of ethylbenzene for several days to weeks (ASTDR)
  • Inhalation may cause irritation of nose, dizziness, depression (NOAA)
  • Agency exposure limits
    • CDC Acute Inhalation Risk Level at 5 Parts Per Million (PPM)
    • OSHA: 100ppm averaged over 8 hour work shift
    • NIOSH: 100ppm averaged over 10 hour work shift (NJ Fsheet)

 

RISKS OF CHEMICALS THAT WILL BE EMITTED FROM THE PROPOSED COMPRESSOR STATION 206

 

ACETALDEHYDE

CS206 emission

44 lbs per year

  • Listed as a possible human carcinogen (HSDB)
  • Suspected developmental, immune system, kidney, neuro, respiratory, skin/sense organ toxicant (EDF Goodguide)
  • Acetaldehyde may cause birth defects in humans since it causes them in animals (NJ Fsheet)
  • Exposure can cause toxic pneumonitis (inflammation of the lungs) (HAZMAP)
  • Eye irritant at 50ppm for 15 min.; respiratory tract irritant at 134ppm for 30 min.; nose and throat irritant at 200ppm for 15 min. (HSDB)
  • Breathing vapors will be irritating and may cause nausea, vomiting, headache, and unconsciousness (NOAA)
  • Exposure to high concentrations can cause headache, dizziness, headache, light-headedness, and passing out (NJ Fsheet)
  • Higher exposures may cause a buildup of fluid in the lungs (NJ Fsheet)
  • Repeated exposure may bronchitis to develop with coughing, phlegm, and shortness of breath (NJ Fsheet)
  • Agency exposure limits:
    • CDC Acute Inhalation Risk Level – A harmful contamination of the air can be reached very quickly on evaporation of this substance at 20°C.
    • OSHA: 200ppm over 8 hour work shift
    • NIOSH: limit to lowest feasible concentration (NJ Fsheet)
NAPHTHALENE

CS206 emission

2 lbs per year

  • Listed as a possible carcinogen (HSDB)
  • Suspected cardiovascular/blood, developmental, gastrointestinal/liver, neuro, respiratory, skin/sense organ toxicant (EDF Goodguide)
  • Limited evidence that exposure may damage developing fetus (NJ Fsheet)
  • May damage red blood cells causing anemia (low blood count) (NJ Fsheet)
  • Exposure to large amounts may damage red blood cells or cause hemolytic anemiadestroy (destroys red blood cells resulting in too few red blood cells until body replaces them; symptoms include fatigue, lack of appetite, restlessness, and pale skin) (ASTDR)
  • Exposure may cause methemoglobinemia (blood disorder in which an abnormal amount of methemoglobin [form of hemoglobin–the molecule in red blood cells that distributes oxygen to the body] is produced, preventing oxygen from being effectively released to tissues in the body) (HAZMAP)
  • Naphthalene is an ocular irritant that has caused cataracts in exposed workers (HAZMAP)
  • Acute toxic effects from exposure include abdominal pain, confusion, cough, fatigue, wheezing, weakness, buildup of fluid in the lungs, nausea, and more (HAZMAP)
  • Effects from exposure through inhalation include headache, weakness, nausea, vomiting, sweating, confusion, jaundice, and dark urine (NIOSH)
  • People with blood, kidney, or liver diseases may be at a heightened risk (HSDB)
  • Agency exposure limits:
    • CDC Chronic Inhalation Risk Level at .0007 Parts Per Million (PPM)
    • OSHA: 10ppm averaged over 8 hour work shift
    • NIOSH: 10ppm averaged over 10 hour work shift (NJ Fsheet)

RISKS OF CHEMICALS THAT WILL BE EMITTED FROM THE PROPOSED COMPRESSOR STATION 206

 

TOLUENE

CS206 emission

142 lbs per year

    • Listed as a recognized developmental toxicant (EDF goodguide)
    • Listed as a suspected cardiovascular/blood, gastrointestinal/liver, immune system, kidney, neuro-, reproductive, respiratory, and skin/sense organ toxicant (EDF goodguide)
    • Inhaling high levels of toluene in a short time can make you feel light-headed, dizzy, or sleepy; can also cause unconsciousness, and even death (ASTDR)
    • High levels of toluene may affect your kidneys (ASTDR)
    • Toluene may cause birth defects in humans as it has been shown to cause them in animals (NJ Fsheet)
    • Toluene may damage developing fetus (NJ Fsheet)
    • High exposure can cause symptoms similar to chronic solvent encephalopathy (a syndrome with a variety of central nervous effects) (HAZMAP)
    • Exposure may cause acute toxic effects such as difficulty concentrating, confusion, dizziness, fatigue, irritability, lethargy, impaired speech (HAZMAP)
    • Toluene may affect the nervous system; low-to-moderate levels can cause tiredness, confusion, weakness, drunken-type actions, memory loss, nausea, loss of appetite, and hearing and color vision loss; these symptoms usually disappear when exposure is stopped (ASTDR)
    • Vapors irritate eyes and upper respiratory tract; cause dizziness, headache, anesthesia, respiratory arrest (NOAA)
    • Inhaling can irritate the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing (NJ Fsheet)
    • People with central nervous system or liver diseases may be especially sensitive (HSDB)
    • Agency exposure limits:
  • CDC Acute Inhalation Risk Level at 4 Parts Per Million (PPM)
    • OSHA: 200ppm averaged over 8 hour work shift
    • NIOSH: 300ppm averaged over 10 shift (NJ Fsheet)
XYLENE

CS206 emission

70 lbs per year

  • Temporary memory loss, confusion, and laboratory evidence of liver injury have been reported in workers overexposed to xylene (HAZMAP)
  • Listed as a suspected cardiovascular, developmental, liver, immune system, kidney, respiratory, skin, reproductive, and immune system  toxin (EDF Goodguide)
  • Listed as a neurotoxin (EDF Goodguide)
  • People who breathe high levels may have dizziness, confusion, and a change in their sense of balance (ASTDR)
  • Exposure to high levels for short periods can also cause irritation of the skin, eyes, nose, and throat; difficulty in breathing; problems with the lungs; delayed reaction time; memory difficulties; stomach discomfort; and possibly changes in the liver and kidneys (ASTDR)
  • Inhalation can irritate the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing (NJ Fsheet)
  • Exposure can cause headache, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, light-headedness and passing out (NJ Fsheet)
  • Repeated exposure can affect concentration, memory, vision, and muscle coordination (NJ Fsheet)
  • CDC Acute Inhalation Risk Level at 4 Parts Per Million (PPM)